Focuses on the most relevant stages of the settlement of the Jews in Transylvania, the evolution of their legal status, their religious life and practice, and their education and culture during the interwar period.
Includes a selection of the anti-Jewish laws, decrees and orders issued in Romania, and later in Hungary, after the annexation of northern Transylvania to Hungary following the Second Vienna Award of 30 August 1944.
Comprises presentations of the ghettos and concentration camps in Sighetu Marmației, Vișeu de Sus, Satu Mare, Baia Mare, Oradea, Șimleu Silvaniei, Cluj, Dej, Gherla, Bistrița, Târgu-Mureș, Reghin, Sfântu Gheorghe.
Includes audio and video interviews with survivors from the ghettos and camps in northern Transylvania and deported to Auschwitz.
Depicts the northern Transylvanian survivors’ return from Auschwitz, as well as the trials of the war criminals responsible for their deportation.
The Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania is, to the best of our knowledge, the first virtual museum of the Holocaust in the world. It is an interactive museum consisting of a series of digital collections which are essentially virtual exhibitions that provide chronologically structured information on the events of the Holocaust in northern Transylvania. The information in the collections is systematically and consistently organised and, by accessing it, the users may easily select any topic relating to the Holocaust in this part of Europe for detailed study and examination. The museum consists of five thematic and chronological sections which display a collection of documents, historical photographs and artefacts, as well as audio-visual material comprising recordings of testimonies of Holocaust survivors from northern Transylvania.
The museum collections include a selection of published as well as unpublished documents made available to us by the survivors’ families (such as the case of Pal Lusztig’s descendants in Cluj-Napoca). A significant contribution to the museum collections is the audio archive which contains interviews with survivors of the deportations in northern Transylvania, made available to us by the Institute for Oral History at the Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca. In addition, the two published collections of interview transcripts with survivors of the Holocaust in northern Transylvania, also made available to us by the Institute for Oral History at the Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, have added to the content of the virtual museum. An important part of the documentary material included in the museum comes from the collections of the Lucian Blaga Central University Library, as well as from the documents made available to us by the Elie Wiesel Memorial House in Sighetu Marmaţiei and the City Hall of Vișeu de Sus.
The museum provides links to digital collections in the Yad Vashem - The World Holocaust Remembrance Center in Jerusalem, the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) in Washington, D.C., the Northern Transylvania Holocaust Memorial Museum in Şimleu Silvaniei, and to other sites and digital archives on Transylvanian Jews.
The Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania is an important accomplishment following three years of passionate work carried out by a team of researchers of the Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, and has been exclusively financed by the Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca.
The Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History is very grateful to those who choose to support the Documentary and Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania. We welcome artefacts and documents (for the Documentary Museum) and digital copies of documents (for the Virtual Museum).
We are also grateful for any financial support that will help us acquire new objects and to continue providing preservation care of the collections. Those who have an interest in supporting these activities may contact us at: email@example.com
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The Documentary Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania
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The Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania