The Jews of Transylvania

The Jews of Transylvania

Focuses on the most relevant stages of the settlement of the Jews in Transylvania, the evolution of their legal status, their religious life and practice, and their education and culture during the interwar period.

Anti-Jewish Legislation

Anti-Jewish Legislation

Includes a selection of the anti-Jewish laws, decrees and orders issued in Romania, and later in Hungary, after the annexation of northern Transylvania to Hungary following the Second Vienna Award of 30 August 1944.

Ghettos and Concentration Camps

Ghettos and Concentration Camps

Comprises presentations of the ghettos and concentration camps in Sighetu Marmației, Vișeu de Sus, Satu Mare, Baia Mare, Oradea, Șimleu Silvaniei, Cluj, Dej, Gherla, Bistrița, Târgu-Mureș, Reghin, Sfântu Gheorghe.

Testimonies

Testimonies

Includes audio and video interviews with survivors from the ghettos and camps in northern Transylvania who were deported to Auschwitz.

Post-Holocaust

Post-Holocaust

Depicts the northern Transylvanian survivors’ return from Auschwitz, as well as the trials of the war criminals responsible for their deportation.

About Us

The Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania is, to the best of our knowledge, the first virtual museum of the Holocaust in the world. It is an interactive museum consisting of a series of digital collections which are essentially virtual exhibitions that provide chronologically structured information on the events of the Holocaust in northern Transylvania. The information in the collections is systematically and consistently organised and, by accessing it, the users may easily select any topic relating to the Holocaust in this part of Europe for detailed study and examination. The museum consists of five thematic and chronological sections which display a collection of documents, historical photographs and artefacts, as well as audio-visual material comprising recordings of testimonies of Holocaust survivors from northern Transylvania.

The museum collections include a selection of published as well as unpublished documents made available to us by the survivors’ families (such as the case of Pal Lusztig’s descendants in Cluj-Napoca). A significant contribution to the museum collections is the audio archive which contains interviews with survivors of the deportations in northern Transylvania, made available to us by the Institute for Oral History at the Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca. In addition, the two published collections of interview transcripts with survivors of the Holocaust in northern Transylvania, also made available to us by the Institute for Oral History at the Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, have added to the content of the virtual museum. An important part of the documentary material included in the museum comes from the collections of the Lucian Blaga Central University Library, as well as from the documents made available to us by the Elie Wiesel Memorial House in Sighetu Marmaţiei and the City Hall of Vișeu de Sus.

The museum provides links to digital collections in the Yad Vashem - The World Holocaust Remembrance Center in Jerusalem, the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) in Washington, D.C., the Northern Transylvania Holocaust Memorial Museum in Şimleu Silvaniei, and to other sites and digital archives on Transylvanian Jews.

The Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania is an important accomplishment following three years of passionate work carried out by a team of researchers of the Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, and has been exclusively financed by the Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca.

Donations

The Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History is very grateful to those who choose to support the Documentary and Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania. We welcome artefacts and documents (for the Documentary Museum) and digital copies of documents (for the Virtual Museum).

We are also grateful for any financial support that will help us acquire new objects and to continue providing preservation care of the collections. Those who have an interest in supporting these activities may contact us at: contact@holocausttransilvania.ro

Conditions of use

Your use of the website for the Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania is subject to compliance with the general conditions of access and use detailed below, as well as compliance with the applicable laws. By accessing and using this website, you automatically and unconditionally accept the General Terms, which prevail over any other agreement you may have with the (©) Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, with the entirety of its staff, or only parts of it.

The images, texts, interviews, maps and documents are the property of the (©) Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, or of third parties who have authorised their use by the Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History. All rights reserved.

The content of the website for the Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania, including all the available materials (images, texts, documents, maps, interviews, logo), is intended for use for personal, educational (research and individual) and non-commercial purposes. Physical or digital reproductions of the above-mentioned website and/or of the available materials are authorised provided they are destined for personal use and the source of the materials is mentioned, excluding any use for commercial purposes.

The use of the materials in exhibitions or other educational activities for educational purposes is permitted with the prior consent of the Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History. The reproduction of the content, either entire or partial, without the written permission of the Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, is forbidden. Any unauthorised reproduction under the above-mentioned conditions is considered an infringement of the copyright of the Dr. Moshe Carmilly Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History and will attract the legal consequences of copyright infringement.

Contact:

The Documentary Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania

13 Croitorilor St.
RO-400162, Cluj-Napoca
Romania
+40 264 532 221

The Virtual Museum of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania
http://holocausttransilvania.ro/
contact@holocausttransilvania.ro